The situation has become like this that to destroy a country or a nation, now you don’t need any nuclear bomb; just send an Ebola virus affected person there, and it will be uninhabited slowly but surely.World health Organization (WHO) has already mentioned that by November of this year, Ebola virus could infect over 20,000 people. And lately, United Nations (UN) has warned that the world has 60 days to beat Ebola.
Ebola virus (EBOV) is one of the most fatal viruses in the history. In the past few months, this virus has massively attacked in West Africa and killed lots of people. Gene studies have shown that this virus mutates faster in humans than in animal hosts. The Ebola virus disease is highly contagious and is believed to have originated with fruit bats which are considered to be natural hosts for the virus. The bats carry and spread the disease, but are unaffected by it. Nearly 10,000 cases of Ebola have been reported so far in West Africa, including around 4,500 deaths.
However, the disease “is running faster” and “it is winning the race”. Seeing this, WHO has already mentioned that by this November, Ebola virus could infect more than 20,000 people in West Africa, and now UN is serious about it. Now, the UN has said that Ebola outbreak must be controlled within 60 days or else the world faces an “unprecedented” situation for which there is no plan.
Anthony Banbury, the UN’s deputy Ebola coordinator said, “The WHO advises within 60 days we must ensure 70% of infected people are in a care facility and 70% of burials are done without causing further infection. We need to do that within 60 days … If we reach these targets then we can turn this epidemic around.”
At the same time Mr Banbury also said that achieving 70% target was very hard to meet as new infections stack up. So, he urged, “We either stop ebola now or we face an entirely unprecedented situation for which we do not have a plan.”
Right now, the UN’s Unmeer emergency mission is following a four-pronged plan (identify and trace contacts; manage cases; ensure safe burials and provide people with information to protect themselves) to fight ebola. Mr Banbury warned, “If we fail at any of these, we fail entirely.”
On the other hand, Dr. Aylward said, “This is ebola, this is a horrible, unforgiving disease – you’ve got to get to zero. With a bit of change in the behaviour of populations, with some burials happening safely, with a little bit more case management and a couple of new centres opening, you are going to slow this down very quickly.”
Lets hope that we will get a good news at the end.